- In the first modern wave, feminism in the 19th and early 20th century focused ‘primarily on gaining women’s suffrage (the right to vote).’ (Wikipedia)
- The ‘second wave’ (1960s-1980s) was concerned primarily with ‘sexuality, family, the workplace, reproductive rights, de facto inequalities, and official legal inequalities…. Second-wave feminism also focused on a battle against violence with proposals for marital rape laws, establishment of rape crisis and battered women’s shelters, and changes in custody and divorce law.’ (Wikipedia)
- In the early 1990s third-wave feminism ‘arose as a response to the perceived failures of and backlash against initiatives and movements created by Second-wave feminism …, and the realization that women are of “many colors, ethnicities, nationalities, religions and cultural backgrounds”.’ (Wikipedia)–In Writing The Revolution, Landsberg writes, ‘We [of the second wave] reacted with indignation [to the scorn of the third wave]…. We should have played it cool,… trust[ed] our achievement.’ (37)
- 2011 saw the Women, Action, & the Media (WAM!) Conference in Vancouver and Women’s Worlds in Ottawa–Landsberg wonders if this is ‘the Fourth Wave?’ (37)
‘We [of the second wave] reacted with indignation [to the scorn of the third wave]…. We should have played it cool,… trust[ed] our achievement.