>social model of disability

>The social model of disability proposes that systemic barriers, negative attitudes and exclusion by society (purposely or inadvertently) are the ultimate factors defining who is disabled and who is not in a particular society.

The social model of disability is often based on a distinction between the terms ‘impairment’ and ‘disability.’ Impairment is used to refer to the actual attributes (or loss of attributes) of a person, whether in terms of limbs, organs or mechanisms, including psychological. Disability is used to refer to the restrictions caused by society when it does not give equivalent attention and accommodation to the needs of individuals with impairments.
source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_model_of_disability

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